Research explains how menopause leads to osteoporosis

Menopause is defined as that point of time when menstrual cycles permanently cease owing to the natural reduction of ovarian oocytes as the age increases. The diagnosis is usually made retrospectively after the woman has missed her periods for twelve consecutive months. It marks the permanent end of fertility; also, the average age of menopause is generally 53 years. Since menopause is owing to the depletion of ovarian follicles/oocytes and severely decreases in function of the ovaries, it is linked with lower levels of reproductive hormones, particularly estrogen. Low estrogen can result in vasomotor instability (such as night sweats and hot flushes), psychological changes (such as depression, mood swings, and difficulty concentrating), insomnia, skin changes (such as decreased elasticity and thinning).

On the other hand, osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones, growing the risk of sudden and sudden fractures, which means “porous bone,” osteoporosis results in an augmented loss of bone mass and strength. The disease usually progresses without any kind of pain or symptoms. Several times, osteoporosis is not discovered until weakened bones cause aching fractures generally in the hips or back. Unfortunately, once the bone is broken due to osteoporosis, you are at high risk of having another. And these fractures can be devastating. Fortunately, there are several ways you can prevent osteoporosis from ever occurring, and treatments can also slow the rate of bone loss if you already have osteoporosis. Although the exact cause of osteoporosis remains unknown, we do know how the disease develops, but menopause can be one of the causes, as stated by the researcher. Your bones are made of growing and living tissue. An outer shell of cortical as well dense bone encases trabecular bone, a sponge-like bone. “When a bone is weakened by osteoporosis, the “holes” in the “sponge” grow larger and more numerous, weakening the internal structure of the bone,” stated a researcher.

There is certainly a direct link between the lack of estrogen during perimenopause and menopause, and the chances of developing osteoporosis are incredibly high. Early menopause (before age 43) and any prolonged periods in which hormone levels are less and menstrual periods are absent, or irregular can cause loss of bone mass.

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